Date of Award
Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)
The healthcare industry is now faced with the balance between instituting computerized technology and providing safe, high quality, efficient, and lower cost patient care. An important aspect of computer technology is the direct entry of orders electronically by providers into the electronic health record, termed computerized provider order entry (CPOE). This translational research project begins by defining CPOE and discussing CPOE’s effect on patient safety and quality of care by reducing preventable medical errors and adverse drug events and CPOE’s effect on healthcare costs. Regulatory requirements pertaining to CPOE are discussed; providers are expected to be proficient in CPOE in order to meet these requirements. A literature review of barriers to CPOE usage, interventions to implement and improve usage of CPOE, and trends in CPOE usage is conducted and discussed.
The purpose of this quality improvement project was to improve CPOE medication order usage among providers within a community hospital by utilizing the provider order entry user satisfaction and usage survey (POEUSUS) to identify barriers to the utilization of CPOE and by employing the technology acceptance model (TAM) and the provision of a CPOE facilitator on the patient care units for twelve hours per week for eight weeks. At the conclusion of the eight-week intervention, the CPOE utilization rates were determined and followed over an eight week interval and were compared to pre-intervention rates. Additionally, providers’ rated their satisfaction of the CPOE facilitator by completing a facilitator survey after each assistance session.
The results of this project demonstrated an increase in CPOE medication order usage, from 45.4% CPOE medication order usage during the eight-week pre-intervention period to 55.6% CPOE medication order usage during the eight-week post-intervention period. A statistically significant improvement in provider CPOE satisfaction occurred after the intervention, and providers expressed high degrees of satisfaction with the real-time assistance of the CPOE facilitator. Aspects of CPOE admired by providers and recommendations of providers to changes in CPOE were determined. Finally, age was inversely related and previous computer experiment was positively related to CPOE medication order usage pre-intervention, meaning that younger providers and providers with more computer experience used CPOE more often.
Williams, Tammie Ann, "Improving Computerized Provider Order Entry Usage in a Community Hospital" (2015). Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Translational and Clinical Research Projects. Paper 11.