Research Publication Title

Understanding the Relationship between Self-Reported Drug Use and Treatment Efficacy

Major

Psychology

Faculty Mentor(s)

Lee Gillis (lee.gillis@gcsu.edu) Keith Russell (keith.russell@wwu.edu)

Keywords

outdoor behavioral health care, substance use disorder, personal involvement with chemicals

Abstract

Substance Use Disorder (SUD) is an increasingly common and serious disorder in North America however, there is little research on treatment for young adults with substance use disorders (SUD) (Zhou, et al., 2014). Shunda Creek is a ten-bed 90 day program located in Alberta Canada. The program treats SUD in the context of Outdoor Behavioral Healthcare (OBH). OBH is a growing field that combines the use of the outdoors with therapeutic interventions to promote positive change in those with mental health issues (obhcouncil.com). This study examines the relationship of the frequency of prior self-reported drug use using the Personal Involvement with Chemicals Scale (PICS; Winters & Henley, 1989) with self reported behavioral outcomes as measured by the Outcome Questionnaire (OQ-45.2; Lambert & Finch, 1999). Analyses show that PICS is found to be positively correlated with OQ 45.2 scores at intake (r=0.241, p=0.013). This means that the higher reported substance use, the higher overall self-reported distress. Additionally, PICS is found to be positively correlated with OQ 45.2 total change (last OQ - intake OQ) (r=0.208, p=0.048). This means that clients with higher negative numbers of change experience greater change. These results support the idea that OBH is effective in treating SUD.

References

Lambert, M. J., & Finch, A. E. (1999). The Outcome Questionnaire. In M. E. Maruish (Ed.), The use of psychological testing for treatment planning and outcomes assessment (2nd ed.) (pp. 831-869). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Russell, K. C., Gillis, H. L., & Heppner, W. (2016). An Examination of Mindfulness-Based Experiences Through Adventure in Substance Use Disorder Treatment for Young Adult Males: a Pilot Study. Mindfulness, 7(2), 320-328.

Winters, K. C., & Henley, G. A. (1989). Personal Experience Inventory test and manual. CA: Western Psychological Services. Los Angeles. .

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Understanding the Relationship between Self-Reported Drug Use and Treatment Efficacy

Substance Use Disorder (SUD) is an increasingly common and serious disorder in North America however, there is little research on treatment for young adults with substance use disorders (SUD) (Zhou, et al., 2014). Shunda Creek is a ten-bed 90 day program located in Alberta Canada. The program treats SUD in the context of Outdoor Behavioral Healthcare (OBH). OBH is a growing field that combines the use of the outdoors with therapeutic interventions to promote positive change in those with mental health issues (obhcouncil.com). This study examines the relationship of the frequency of prior self-reported drug use using the Personal Involvement with Chemicals Scale (PICS; Winters & Henley, 1989) with self reported behavioral outcomes as measured by the Outcome Questionnaire (OQ-45.2; Lambert & Finch, 1999). Analyses show that PICS is found to be positively correlated with OQ 45.2 scores at intake (r=0.241, p=0.013). This means that the higher reported substance use, the higher overall self-reported distress. Additionally, PICS is found to be positively correlated with OQ 45.2 total change (last OQ - intake OQ) (r=0.208, p=0.048). This means that clients with higher negative numbers of change experience greater change. These results support the idea that OBH is effective in treating SUD.

References

Lambert, M. J., & Finch, A. E. (1999). The Outcome Questionnaire. In M. E. Maruish (Ed.), The use of psychological testing for treatment planning and outcomes assessment (2nd ed.) (pp. 831-869). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Russell, K. C., Gillis, H. L., & Heppner, W. (2016). An Examination of Mindfulness-Based Experiences Through Adventure in Substance Use Disorder Treatment for Young Adult Males: a Pilot Study. Mindfulness, 7(2), 320-328.

Winters, K. C., & Henley, G. A. (1989). Personal Experience Inventory test and manual. CA: Western Psychological Services. Los Angeles. .