Advances in Understanding High-Mass X-ray Binaries with INTEGRALand Future Directions


Peter Kretschmar, European Space Astronomy Centre
Felix Fürst, European Space Astronomy Centre
Lara Sidoli, INAF Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica, Milan
Enrico Bozzo, Université de Genève
Julia Alfonso-Garzón, Centro de Astrobiología (CSIC-INTA)
Arash Bodaghee, Georgia College & State University
Sylvain Chaty, Astrophysique, Instrumentation et Modélisation de Paris-Saclay
Masha Chernyakova, Dublin City University
Carlo Ferrigno, Université de Genève
Antonios Manousakis, University of Sharjah
Ignacio Negueruela, Universitat d'Alacant
Konstantin Postnov, Lomonosov Moscow State University
Adamantia Paizis, INAF Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica, Milan
Pablo Reig, Foundation for Research and Technology-Hellas
José Joaquín Rodes-Roca, Universitat d'Alacant
Sergey Tsygankov, Turun yliopisto
Antony J. Bird, University of Southampton
Matthias Bissinger né Kühnel, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg
Pere Blay, Universidad Internacional de Valencia
Isabel Caballero, European Space Astronomy Centre
Malcolm J. Coe, University of Southampton
Albert Domingo, Centro de Astrobiología (CSIC-INTA)
Victor Doroshenko, Space Research Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Lorenzo Ducci, Université de Genève
Maurizio Falanga, International Space Science Institute
Sergei A. Grebenev, Space Research Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Victoria Grinberg, Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen
Paul Hemphill, MIT Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research
Ingo Kreykenbohm, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg
Sonja Kreykenbohm né Fritz, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg
Jian Li, Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY)
Alexander A. Lutovinov, Space Research Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Silvia Martínez-Núñez, Universidad de Cantabria

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New Astronomy Reviews


High mass X-ray binaries are among the brightest X-ray sources in the Milky Way, as well as in nearby Galaxies. Thanks to their highly variable emissions and complex phenomenology, they have attracted the interest of the high energy astrophysical community since the dawn of X-ray Astronomy. In more recent years, they have challenged our comprehension of physical processes in many more energy bands, ranging from the infrared to very high energies. In this review, we provide a broad but concise summary of the physical processes dominating the emission from high mass X-ray binaries across virtually the whole electromagnetic spectrum. These comprise the interaction of stellar winds with the high gravitational and magnetic fields of compact objects, the behaviour of matter under extreme magnetic and gravity conditions, and the perturbation of the massive star evolutionary processes by presence in a binary system. We highlight the role of the INTEGRAL mission in the discovery of many of the most interesting objects in the high mass X-ray binary class and its contribution in reviving the interest for these sources over the past two decades. We show how the INTEGRAL discoveries have not only contributed to significantly increase the number of high mass X-ray binaries known, thus advancing our understanding of the population as a whole, but also have opened new windows of investigation that stimulated the multi-wavelength approach nowadays common in most astrophysical research fields. We conclude the review by providing an overview of future facilities being planned from the X-ray to the very high energy domain that will hopefully help us in finding an answer to the many questions left open after more than 18 years of INTEGRAL scientific observations.

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