Date of Award

Summer 7-22-2020

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)

First Advisor

Sapp, Carol Ph.D., RN, CNE

Second Advisor

Goldsberry, Jennifer DNP, FNP-BC, MSN, RN, CNE

Third Advisor

Francis, Damian Ph.D., BSc, MSc


This study assesses the effectiveness of an evidence-based educational intervention affecting the perception of the risk for developing type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in college students and examined relationships between demographic factors and perception of risk for T2DM. Seventy-seven students from the Georgia College Association of Nursing Students (GCANS) and the Personal Health and Fitness Class participated. Of these, 43 participants completed the post-educational email survey. Instruments measured demographic characteristics, perception of risk for developing diabetes, and diabetes risk. The Risk Perception Survey for Developing Diabetes (RPS-DD) assessed students’ perception of risk at baseline and one week post intervention. There was a significant increase for diabetes risk knowledge scores between participants who completed the intervention (M = 6.56, SD = 1.28) and those who did not complete the intervention (M = 7.38, SD = 1.65) t (75) = -2.47, p =.016. There was a significant increase in the worry scores from baseline (M = 2.21, SD = 0.64) to one week (M = 2.44, SD = 0.62), (t [42] = -2.89, p =.006). There was a significant increase in diabetes risk knowledge scores from pre-intervention (M = 6.56, SD = 1.28) to post-intervention (M = 8.35, 1.49) (t [42] = -7.09, p <.001). There was a statistically significant relationship between educational intervention and body mass index (BMI), [F (1, 27) = 3.85, p =.034, η2 =.22] and educational intervention and college level, [F (1, 27) = 3.36, p =.033, η2 =.027]. Increased knowledge and raised awareness of risk for developing T2DM results supports the use of the T2DM educational intervention with college students.