Date of Award
Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)
Sapp, Carol Ph.D., RN, CNE
Goldsberry, Jennifer DNP, FNP-BC, MSN, RN, CNE
Francis, Damian Ph.D., BSc, MSc
This study assesses the effectiveness of an evidence-based educational intervention affecting the perception of the risk for developing type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in college students and examined relationships between demographic factors and perception of risk for T2DM. Seventy-seven students from the Georgia College Association of Nursing Students (GCANS) and the Personal Health and Fitness Class participated. Of these, 43 participants completed the post-educational email survey. Instruments measured demographic characteristics, perception of risk for developing diabetes, and diabetes risk. The Risk Perception Survey for Developing Diabetes (RPS-DD) assessed students’ perception of risk at baseline and one week post intervention. There was a significant increase for diabetes risk knowledge scores between participants who completed the intervention (M = 6.56, SD = 1.28) and those who did not complete the intervention (M = 7.38, SD = 1.65) t (75) = -2.47, p =.016. There was a significant increase in the worry scores from baseline (M = 2.21, SD = 0.64) to one week (M = 2.44, SD = 0.62), (t  = -2.89, p =.006). There was a significant increase in diabetes risk knowledge scores from pre-intervention (M = 6.56, SD = 1.28) to post-intervention (M = 8.35, 1.49) (t  = -7.09, p <.001). There was a statistically significant relationship between educational intervention and body mass index (BMI), [F (1, 27) = 3.85, p =.034, η2 =.22] and educational intervention and college level, [F (1, 27) = 3.36, p =.033, η2 =.027]. Increased knowledge and raised awareness of risk for developing T2DM results supports the use of the T2DM educational intervention with college students.
WEATHERSPOON, CARLETTA, "Assessing College Students’ Perceived Risk for Developing Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus" (2020). Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Translational and Clinical Research Projects. 47.