Date of Award

Spring 2023

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)


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First Advisor

Dr. Josie Doss

Second Advisor

Dr. Shantee Henry

Third Advisor

Dr. Julie Clark


Aim: The purpose of this study was to determine if a human trafficking education module increased master level nursing students’ awareness, knowledge, and confidence in responding to human trafficking (HT) victims. Background: HT in the United States and worldwide is a growing problem. Millions of men, women, and children are victims of HT each year. Victims of human trafficking are often vulnerable due to several factors, including emotional problems, social instability, and economic difficulties. Studies have found up to 88% of victims of HT are seen by a healthcare provider during their captivity. Improving the awareness, knowledge, and confidence of healthcare providers on HT is one of the most important ways to intercede with this vulnerable population. Method: This quality improvement project utilized a pre-test/post-test and is a quasi- experimental study design. After IRB- approval, study participants were recruited from women’s health, family, or psychiatric mental health Master of Science Nursing programs. This project utilized the logic model to develop an education module by the primary investigator guided by recommendations published by Heal Trafficking Education and Training Committee. Primary data was collected from the adapted PROTECT questionnaire. The questionnaire is a 5-point Likert and contains questions that are “true,” “false,” or “don’t know.” Demographic data is included in the questionnaire. Analysis: Data analysis of pre- and post-tests used descriptive statistics by using a secure statistical software database. Results: Results indicated that there was significant increase in awareness, knowledge, and confidence levels from pre- test to post- test of the participants.

Implications: The AACN should specifically recommend the inclusion of HT education into undergraduate and graduate nursing curricula. Better screening, assessment, and response to victims of HT are key to interrupting the HT cycle and promoting improved psychosocial and physical health outcomes. DNP-prepared APRNs are in an ideal position to lead the effort to implement these tools.