Date of Award

Winter 12-4-2023

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)



First Advisor

Dr. Craig Callender

Second Advisor

Dr. Julian Knox

Third Advisor

Dr. Alex Blazer


Many scholars focus on J.R.R. Tolkien's personal history and attempt to locate his own trauma in the texts of his works. However, this focus often overlooks the role that trauma plays in the reshaping of individual and cultural identity within the works of Tolkien. Tolkien uses a number of methods to communicate trauma throughout his works, but these methods often have roots in Anglo-Saxon Literature. This study analyzes the various ways that Tolkien adapts Anglo-Saxon works to communicate trauma while simultaneously using the traumatic events to help communicate healing through the interaction of the traumatized with their community.