Title

A simple method for differential isolation of freely dispersed and particle-associated peat microorganisms

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2004

Publication Title

Journal of Microbiological Methods

Abstract

Differential isolation of physiologically and ecologically diverse microbial groups facilitates evaluation of their activities in the environment. Here we describe a new method for differential isolation of freely dispersed and particle-associated peat microorganisms. The method is based on sequential elution of peat. Two types of natural peat, "young" sphagnum peat and "old" reed-based peat that have significantly different molecular composition as revealed by solid-state 13C NMR, were used for the method development. Various combinations of elution parameters (pH values, surfactant concentration, and sonication) were tested. Protein yield, CFU counts, 16S rDNA gene sequence, and T-RFLP analyses were used as criteria for evaluating the effectiveness of the elution protocols. The optimal method consisted of sequential elutions with (i) pH 6.2, 0.1 M potassium phosphate buffer, (ii) the same buffer amended with 0.01% of Tween 80, and (iii) treatment (ii) amended with sonication for 2 min. This method allowed differential isolation of freely dispersed and particle-associated microorganisms with (i) highest yield, (ii) highest diversity within the each microbial fraction, and (iii) best discrimination between the freely dispersed and particle-associated microbial communities. The method was applied for characterization of peat microbial communities and revealed different taxonomic composition and similar spatial organization of sphagnum and reed-sage peat microorganisms.

Department

Biological and Environmental Sciences

Volume Number

56

Issue Number

1

First Page

93

Last Page

105

Comments

© 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

DOI

10.1016/j.mimet.2003.09.005

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