Recruiting and Retaining Males in Secondary School Chorus Programs

Document Type


Session Format

Graduate Research Poster (pre-recorded oral presentation | virtual)



Publication Date


Faculty Advisor

Dr. Tina Holmes-Davis

Start Date

27-3-2024 9:00 AM

End Date

27-3-2024 5:00 PM



This paper discusses the challenges of recruiting and retaining male singers in secondary school elective choruses and examines both new and established techniques that aim to solve these issues. Challenges include the feminine stigma surrounding vocal and choral music, issues for female teachers when trying to replicate a male vocal sound, social norms, ensemble sizes, and the male pubertal voice change. Countless solutions and ideas from the expertise of more than fifteen choral directors and music educators support the needs of programs looking for growth in their male participation. Suggestions for increased recruitment and retention include social events, networking, using male voice models through live and video demonstrations, extra-curricular investments, gender-neutral uniforms, carefully considered repertoire, classroom management and activity tools, student surveys, vocal placement, and gender identity conversations.