A Quality Improvement Project to Increase Intimate Partner Violence Screening on College Campuses
Background: Sexual assault or rape on college campuses can be a life-changing event and goes unreported 80% of the time. Women are not screened for intimate partner violence (IPV) regularly when being seen in university student health settings, even though females ages 18 to 24 have the highest rape and sexual assault rates compared to females in all other age groups. Students that are victims of IPV may not report because of fear, embarrassment, or being unsure who to or where to report. Student health settings on college campuses can fill this gap by routine screening for intimate partner violence.
Purpose: The purpose of this quality improvement project was to increase intimate partner violence screening rates with the implementation of an evidence-based intimate partner violence screening tool along with healthcare provider training.
Project method: The project implemented an evidenced based Intimate Partner Violence Screening tool, Humiliation, Anger, Rape and Kick (HARK) along with educational session on IPV on college campuses for health care providers at Student Health. A retrospective chart review was conducted over a 4-week period pre and post implantation of the HARK tool. The knowledge subscale of the Physician Readiness to Mange Intimate Partner Violence Survey (PREMIS) was utilized pre and post educational session.
Finding: Intimate partner violence screening rates pre-implementation of the HARK screening tool was 2.6% (N=303). Intimate partner violence screening rates post-implementation of the HARK screening tool was 95.7% (N=185). Results for the knowledge subscale of the PREMIS tool (Mdn = 27.50), z = -1.342, p >.005.
Conclusion: These findings support the use of an evidence-based IPV screening tool to increase rates of screening. Additional measures may be needed to enhance provider knowledge regarding IPV.
Murck, Becky, "A Quality Improvement Project to Increase Intimate Partner Violence Screening on College Campuses" (2021). Graduate Research Posters. 17.