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In this literature review, I reflect on the strategies that are available to every middle school chorus teacher, and what they should use when struggling with recruiting new students as well as retaining students throughout a middle school choral program. Recruitment and retention are not uncommon topics among music educators, and it is important to understand which strategies would work best for each program. When recruiting students to join chorus, it is imperative to focus on relationships with administration, parents, feeder schools, the community, and students. These strategies align with retaining students in the program as well since they work together throughout the year. It is essential to grow these relationships and adapt repertoire and curriculum to each group of students taught. In conclusion by using these strategies, middle school chorus teachers can grow their program and gain support from the school.