Faculty Mentors

Kelly P. Massey


This study aimed to investigate the effects of a high-intensity interval training (HIIT) program on body composition between individuals with and without polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). PCOS patients have a difficult time maintaining healthy body composition. With time being a significant factor determining exercise adherence, it is vital to observe short-term training programs for any possible effect on health measures. Four participants with PCOS (21.3y ± 1.05) and six participants without PCOS (21.2y ± 1.34) volunteered to participate. All participants performed a three-week HIIT program consisting of three HIIT workouts per week. The participants submitted a 24-hour dietary recall and a self-recorded video of workout completion. Body composition was measured using dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and waist circumference (WC) measurements were taken. Results showed no significant difference in total body fat percentage after the three-week exercise treatment in either group (Pre: 41.73% ± 11.228; 38.25% ± 3.729, Post: 41.10% ± 10.885; 38.48% ± 4.167, p=.119). However, there was a significant difference in gynoid fat mass loss in the PCOS group post treatment (Pre: 44.4%± 9.95, Post: 43.7% ± 10.09, p=.002). Although a three-week HIIT program showed no significant impact on body composition in participants with PCOS, longer exercise periods need to be investigated to determine changes in fat mass loss within this population.



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