Faculty Mentors

Sandy Dimon


Industrialized countries seem to look condescendingly at African societies that practice female clitorectomy, but the same people line their sons up to be circumcised soon after birth. A clitorectomy, also known as female genital mutilation (FGM), is defined as "a destructive, invasive procedure that is usually performed on girls before they reach puberty that removes part or all of the clitoris". There are many different types of female genital mutilation. The lesser of the three evils is called Sunna circumcision. The tip of the clitoris and/ or its covering, known as the prepuce, is removed. The second type is called clitoridectomy, in which the entire clitoris, the prepuce and the adjacent labia are removed. The last classification is infibulation, also referred to as Pharaonic circumcision. This is a later process done after a clitoridectomy in which the vulva is also sewn up.

Included in

Biology Commons



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.